There is a lot of pressure being put in the forest such as conversion in agriculture land, extraction of mineral resources and deforestation, among others. All of these result to a lot of greenhouse gas emissions. So there is really a need to look into all these pressures and see how to reduce or cut back on the emissions. Together, this is called reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD), and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries or REDD+.
The FCPF is a global partnership of governments, development partners, private sector, businesses, civil society, local communities including indigenous people focused on REDD+. The objectives of the FCPF are to a) assist countries in their REDD+ efforts by providing them with financial and technical assistance in building their capacity to benefit from possible future systems of positive incentives for REDD+; b) pilot a performance-based payment system for REDD+ activities, with a view to ensuring equitable benefit sharing and promoting future large-scale positive incentives for REDD+; c) test ways to sustain or enhance livelihoods of local communities and to conserve biodiversity; and d) disseminate lessons learned.
To support these objectives, FCPF has set up two separate mechanisms: i) a REDD+ Readiness Fund – relating to technical assistance and capacity building for REDD+, and ii) a Carbon Fund – relating to pilot performance-based incentive programs for REDD+. The World Bank assumes the functions of trustee and secretariat, with the World Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank and the United Nations Development Program being delivery partners under the Readiness Fund. The World Bank houses the FCPF Facility Management Team (FMT) which is responsible for the operation of the Facility.
The Participants Committee (PC) of the FCPF is the main decision-making body. It is composed of an equal number of REDD+ countries and donors, and observers representing indigenous peoples, civil society organizations (CSOs), international organizations, and the private sector. The FCPF recognizes the importance for developing countries to design and develop series of sustainable development programs in a climate-friendly way.
Under the FCPF Readiness Fund, the FCPF has created a framework and processes for REDD+ readiness, which help countries prepare for future systems of positive incentives for REDD+. Concrete activities implemented under the Readiness Fund include the development of Reference Levels, the development of a REDD+ strategy, the design of monitoring systems for reporting and verification, the establishment of REDD+ national management arrangements, and the identification of social and environmental impacts associated with REDD+. During the implementation of these activities, concerted efforts have been made to ensure the active engagement and participation of relevant stakeholders, including CSOs, forest dependent local communities and indigenous people.
The Capacity Building Program (CBP) of the Readiness Fund has two components, one for indigenous peoples and another for Southern CSOs and Local Communities (LC). The objective of the CBP is to provide forest-dependent indigenous peoples, Southern CSOs and LC with information, knowledge, and awareness on REDD+ to enhance their understanding on REDD+, and to enable them to engage more meaningfully in the implementation of REDD+ readiness activities. The aim is to support activities that empower and enable these stakeholder groups, to enhance and influence REDD+ development outcomes, and also to strengthen mechanisms for inclusion, accountability, and participation.
Phase 1 of the CBP was implemented through the WB’s corporate procurement system where implementing organizations were selected and contracted as consultants to carry out specific capacity building activities. Internal discussions decided to implement new activities of the CBP through the WB’s “Procedures for Small Recipient-Executed Trust Fund Grants”. Following this, recipients were selected. Following this, IPOs and CSOs applied as regional intermediaries and the Bank selected six organizations (with 1 IPO and 1 CSO in each of the 3 regions) as the recipients of the fund in accordance with the fiduciary standards of the Bank.
For the East Asia-Pacific and South Asia region, ANSAB was chosen to be the Recipient for the FCPF Capacity Building on REDD+ for CSOs and Local Communities in EAP and SAR Project (P153588). The beneficiaries of the project will be civil society organizations and local communities in four FCPF eligible countries in the EAP region, namely Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu and Vietnam, which will be eligible to participate in national and regional activities.